Automobiles are powered by an internal combustion engine fueled with gasoline and driven by a crankshaft. This engine, which burns the fuel combusting inside its cylinders, is located in the front of the vehicle and drives the wheels by means of transmission gears and clutches. The transmission and clutches are controlled by hydraulic fluid pumped through the system of fluid coupling. An automobile’s brakes are also controlled by this hydraulic system.
A car is an excellent mode of transportation that provides freedom, convenience and independence. It allows you to travel anywhere at any time without being dependent on public transportation schedules. This flexibility gives you the ability to do more with your time. Additionally, owning a car saves you time on grocery shopping and allows you to travel with friends and family.
The scientific and technical building blocks of the automobile date back to the late 1600s, when Dutch scientist Christiaan Huygens invented a type of internal combustion engine sparked by gunpowder. The modern automobile began to appear in the late 1800s, and the first production-line autos were introduced by Ransom Eli Olds at his Oldsmobile factory in 1902.
The Ford Motor Company greatly outpaced its competitors in reconciling state-of-the-art design with moderate price; Cycle and Automobile Trade Journal described the four-cylinder, fifteen-horsepower, $600 Model N of 1906-1907 as “the very first instance of a low-cost motorcar that has enough cylinders to give each shaft turn a turning impulse sufficiently strong to drive the car.” Postwar market saturation, however, coupled with engineering stagnation, and manufacturers had to introduce annual styling changes to keep up with consumer demand. These changes came at a social cost, with escalating air pollution and a drain on dwindling world oil supplies.