A law is a system of rules and regulations that are enforceable by social institutions. These can be laws made by a legislature, an executive or a court. Laws can also be created by private individuals.
Common legal issues are those arising from problems in the workplace, immigration, debt, housing, or family. A lawyer may be needed if an issue reaches the courts.
Law refers to the rules of conduct that govern community relationships and the actions of individuals. It can be defined as the science of justice or the art of fairness. The concept of “natural law” developed in ancient Greek philosophy and was re-entered into mainstream culture through the writings of Thomas Aquinas.
Law is a stable and efficient system, and justice processes are both accessible and fair. However, accountability has become a problem with the increased power of the modern policing system.
There are four universal principles which help define the rule of law. These include equality before the law, due process, impartiality, and non-refusal. In addition to establishing the basic rules of the law, the United Nations Charter calls for the Organization to promote progressive development of international law.
Legal systems are based on the doctrine of precedent, which means that a decision of a higher court binds lower courts. Case law is different from law based on statutes. This is because case law is based on concrete facts, whereas statutes are abstract.
Some common types of property law are land law, mortgage law, company law, and intellectual property. Other legal fields include immigration, family, labor, and international law.